Zenas Winsor McCay (c. 1867–1871 – July 26, 1934) was an American cartoonist and animator who took the American public through an exploration of the subconcious, years before the surrealist movement would surface.
In 1905, his signature strip Little Nemo in Slumberland debuted, a work where Mc Kay made a masterful use of panel size, linear perspective and color to capture landscapes only the world of dreams would summon.
|Nemo's bed takes a walk in the July 26, 1908, episode of Little Nemo in Slumberland.|
|Here panels grow to accommodate a growing mushroom forest in a Little Nemo episode for October 22, 1905|
McCay joined William Randolph Hearst's chain of newspapers in 1911.
|William Randolph Hearst in 1906 by J.E. Purdy|
where his work would be redirected towards editorial cartoon.
Until 1913 he would continue the Dream of the Rarebit Fiend . This comic strip which Mc Kay had been drawing since 1904 would be the only one he would pen that was directly inspired by social, cultural and political issues.
Over the Summer of 1913, Mc Cay penned two plates in The New York American Sunday paper of William Randolph Hearst, where the lead character in the dream smokes a pipe.
|June 8, 1913|
|July 6, 1913|
a briar pipe in both cases most likely...